When you’re learning the English language, basic grammar rules are important, so that your speaking or writing makes sense to those who are listening to what you have to say or reading something you’ve written. We have listed some of the basic grammar rules below to help you with this!
Capital letters should only be used in writing when beginning a sentence or writing a proper noun. A proper noun is the name of a place, person, or company or organization. For example, “Hawaii,” “Kathy,” or “Amazon.”
Divide long pieces of writing with paragraphs when you are writing numerous sentences about one subject or line of thought. This makes it easier for the reader to understand.
Along the same line, include three to five sentences in a paragraph so they are complete.
A semicolon is often used to combine two lines of thought that are alike rather than making them into separate sentences.
If the topic you are writing about includes a list of items, use a comma to separate each.
When abbreviating words such as “do not” or “she will” use an apostrophe, for example “don’t” and “she’ll.” An apostrophe is also used to show ownership, for example “Kathy’s cat.”
Each sentence should contain only one noun and one verb, as more than one of each can be confusing.
A thought should be completed in a sentence, not fragments.
Never begin a sentence with a conjunction, which is a word used to coordinate words in one clause or connect sentences/clauses. Examples include “if,” “and,” or “but.”
If possible, don’t use a preposition to end a sentence. Prepositions are words like “after” and “on,” that are used in prepositional phrases. For example, “the woman on the stage” is a prepositional phrase, with the word “on” being a preposition.
If possible, never use double negatives when writing or speaking. For instance, the sentence “You can’t see no one in this crowd” is not grammatically correct. It should be “You can’t see anyone in this crowd.”
Grammar can be very confusing, but once you grasp a few of the rules, you will find it isn’t all that difficult! Whether speaking or writing, you’ll be confident in your English skills.
Are you ready to master a new language in a fun and relaxing environment? At ICC, our English language school in Hawaii is all about learning, while making new friends and enjoying new adventures outside of the classroom. Call us today!